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Maize, a versatile cereal crop, stands as a staple grain in West Africa and across the globe. This annual crop, known as corn, plays a crucial role in providing sustenance for both humans and animals, and it serves various industrial purposes. In Nigeria, maize cultivation is a vital aspect of agriculture, with significant production concentrated in the northern regions, particularly evident in markets like Kaduna. Despite robust domestic production, Nigeria has been consistently importing an average of 400,000 metric tons of maize annually since 2009 to meet internal consumption demands.

Economic Significance:

Similar to other grains like sorghum, rice, millet, oats, cowpea, and wheat, Zea mays L. (maize) contributes significantly to Nigeria’s economy. Its cultivation not only fosters foreign exchange earnings but also generates internal revenue and provides sustainable employment opportunities for farmers, contributing to their livelihoods.

Current Market Prices

Taking a stroll through various markets in Lagos, we observed the prevailing prices of maize, shedding light on the economic dynamics of this essential commodity. As of the latest update, the average price of maize in Nigeria is ₦29,000 per 50 kg bag, translating to ₦580,000 per tonne.

Detailed Breakdown of Maize Prices:

  1. Yellow Maize:

    • Price per ton: ₦580,000
    • Price per 100kg bag: ₦58,000
  2. White Maize:

    • Price per ton: ₦560,000
    • Price per 100kg bag: ₦56,000

Analysis and Implications:

These prices reflect the market dynamics, with yellow maize fetching a slightly higher value compared to its white counterpart. Farmers and stakeholders in the maize value chain should carefully consider these trends to make informed decisions.


Maize cultivation in Nigeria is not merely a traditional practice; it’s an economic powerhouse driving revenue, employment, and sustenance. The prices presented here offer valuable insights into the current state of the maize market, guiding farmers, traders, and consumers alike in navigating this essential aspect of Nigeria’s agricultural landscape.

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