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Rice, a staple food enjoyed across Nigeria, Africa, and Asia, holds a crucial role in global nutrition. As the third-highest produced crop worldwide, it serves as a primary food source for over half the global population. This blog post explores the intricacies of Nigeria’s rice market, shedding light on local and foreign brands, government interventions, and the ever-changing landscape of prices.

The Significance of Rice:

Rice, the seed of Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima, thrives in diverse environments, subject to factors such as rainfall, temperature, and soil texture. Beyond its nutritional value, rice plays a vital cultural role in many countries. Classified as a carbohydrate, it provides an essential energy source, boasting approximately 130 calories per 100 grams and containing substantial protein content.

Nigeria’s Rice Revolution:

the Nigerian government implemented a border closure to curb the influx of foreign rice, aiming to boost local production. While the move aimed to encourage self-sufficiency, its execution faced challenges. Despite disruptions in various sectors, Nigeria strives to emulate heavy rice-producing nations like China and India.

Local Rice Prices in 2023:

Since the border closure, local farmers have embraced rice cultivation, aligning market prices with production costs. Government-sponsored programs have further facilitated this shift. The average price for a 50kg bag of local rice in Nigeria hovers around ₦40,000. Various local brands cater to diverse consumer preferences and budgets, such as Mamas Pride, Abadini Rice, and Sparkle Rice.

Understanding the Market Dynamics:

Local rice prices are subject to regional availability, with certain brands exclusive to specific areas. Some brands may require online purchases or travel to specific regions for procurement. Inflation and economic challenges contribute to price fluctuations, emphasizing the need for sustainable local production.

Foreign Rice Brands and Their Appeal:

Despite restrictions, foreign rice remains popular due to its fine processing. Notable brands like My Food Rice and Cap Rice dominate the market, with an average price of ₦48,000 for a 50kg bag. Smuggled products persist, prompting occasional customs interventions. The government’s emphasis on local production encourages a gradual shift towards self-sufficiency.

Market Insights and Sizes:

Rice is available in various sizes, including 5kg, 10kg, 25kg, and the commonly purchased 50kg bag. A 50kg bag typically accommodates 12-13 paint buckets of rice, requiring 25 to 35 mudu to fill. Market prices for a cup of rice range from ₦100 to ₦150, reflecting the choice between local and foreign varieties.


The Nigerian government’s commitment to local rice production seeks to ensure a stable and sustainable market. As prices continue to fluctuate due to market dynamics, it’s essential for consumers to stay informed. Rice, a fundamental part of daily life for millions in Nigeria, represents not just a meal but a source of energy for the tasks that lie ahead. Embracing the local produce empowers communities and contributes to the nation’s economic resilience.

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