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In recent years, poultry farming, particularly the rearing of layer chickens, has gained immense popularity in Nigeria. As the country’s economy leans more towards agriculture, many individuals are venturing into livestock farming, recognizing the lucrative market for eggs. In this blog post, we’ll explore the essential aspects and estimated costs involved in rearing 500 layers in Nigeria, providing a step-by-step guide for beginners.

The Foundation: Poultry House Development

Before delving into the costs, the first crucial step is planning the poultry house. The housing should comprise both a temporary and a permanent habitat. Experts recommend a battery cage system, known for its suitability in providing a comfortable environment for layers. Factors such as location, materials, and design significantly influence the total expenditure on the poultry house.

Choosing the Right Location

Selecting an ideal location for the poultry house is vital. Ensure it is neither excessively hot nor too humid. Factors such as farm location and design choices impact the overall budget for setting up the poultry house.

Cost of Buying Day-Old Layer Chicks

Once the poultry house is established, the next step involves acquiring day-old layer chicks. Generally priced between N500 – N700 per chick, it’s safe to estimate N250,000 for purchasing 500 one-day-old layer chicks. This estimation provides a buffer against potential price variations due to the bulk purchase.

Vaccination: A Critical Investment

The health of the chicks is paramount, necessitating a focus on vaccination. Diseases can spread rapidly among chicks, making vaccinations a preventive and developmental measure. Newcastle disease, a common affliction, can be curbed through proper vaccination. Consult with experts to determine the required vaccinations and associated costs.

Cost of Feed for the Chicks

While layer chickens consume less feed compared to broilers, a sufficient amount is essential for their health and egg-laying productivity. A conservative estimate suggests around 1.5 kg of feed per layer chick for the first month, totaling approximately 750 kg for 500 chicks. With an expected increase in feeding rates, budgeting for 56 – 60 bags of feed for the first two months, priced at N6,000 per bag, brings the total to between N340,000 – N360,000.


venturing into layer chicken farming in Nigeria requires meticulous planning and budgeting. This comprehensive guide provides a clear overview of the estimated costs involved in rearing 500 layers. By focusing on crucial elements such as poultry house development, chick acquisition, vaccination, and feed expenses, aspiring poultry farmers can embark on their journey with confidence. As the agricultural landscape evolves, poultry farming stands as a promising avenue for sustainable and profitable livelihoods in Nigeria.

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