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Getting pregnant can be challenging if issues arise within the reproductive system. The proper functioning of the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes is crucial for successful conception and a smooth pregnancy. One common issue that can hinder pregnancy is blocked fallopian tubes. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the significance of fallopian tubes, the role of Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) tests, their cost in Nigeria, preparation, procedure, risks, and interpreting the results.

Why Fallopian Tubes Matter:

The fallopian tubes play a vital role in the conception process. For successful fertilization, these tubes must be open to allow sperm to reach the eggs. A blocked fallopian tube can prevent sperm from reaching the egg, resulting in infertility.

Introduction to HSG Tests:

What is HSG? Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a diagnostic procedure that uses X-rays to examine the shape of the uterus and determine whether the fallopian tubes are partially or fully blocked. It is often one of the initial fertility tests recommended for women facing conception challenges or those who have experienced miscarriages.

HSG Test Cost in Nigeria:

The cost of an HSG test in Nigeria typically ranges from N20,000 to N40,000. The price may vary based on the location and the reputation of the diagnostic center or hospital. Opting for renowned clinics is advisable for better equipment and accurate diagnosis, even though prices may be higher.

Where to Get HSG Tests in Nigeria:

In Lagos, reputable centers for the HSG test include teaching hospitals and fertility clinics like Nordica and Bridge. In Benin, options include Lily Hospital, Raytouch, St. Bridget, Union diagnostics, or the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UNIBEN). While private hospitals may be more expensive, they often offer superior services and facilities.

Preparing for the HSG Test:

To prepare for the HSG test, consult with your doctor, who will likely recommend the procedure. Notify your doctor of any allergies, and on the test day, you’ll receive an anti-inflammatory pain medication to minimize discomfort during the procedure.

How the HSG Test is Done:

During the HSG test, you’ll lie down on a table as a fluoroscope (X-ray imager) is used. A speculum is inserted into the vagina, the cervix is cleaned, and a thin tube (cannula) is inserted, releasing a liquid containing iodine into the uterus. X-ray images are then taken to assess the uterus and fallopian tubes.

Risks of HSG:

While the HSG test is generally safe, there are potential risks, including allergic reactions to the dye, injury to the uterus, pelvic infection, fainting, vomiting, heavy vaginal bleeding, fever, and intense abdominal pain or cramping.

Interpreting HSG Test Results:

After the test, a radiologist will examine the results, and your doctor will explain them to you. If the fallopian tubes are blocked, further steps will be discussed.


Understanding the HSG test is essential for women facing fertility challenges. From preparation to risks and results, this comprehensive guide provides valuable insights. If you’re on the journey to conception, consult with your doctor and consider an HSG test for a clearer understanding of your reproductive health.

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