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Cassava, a versatile woody shrub belonging to the Spurges family, has become a staple in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This perennial vegetable, celebrated for its starchy tuberous root, serves as a vital source of carbohydrates and economic sustenance for farmers, particularly in West Africa. In this blog post, we delve into the intricacies of cassava farming, from planting to harvesting, and explore the lucrative possibilities offered by its various by-products.

Cultivation Seasons:

Cassava cultivation follows a rhythm dictated by the seasons, with two distinct planting periods: Early planting, spanning from February to June, and Late planting, occurring from October to December. Rainfall emerges as a critical determinant, shaping the beginning and end of each season. Depending on factors such as soil fertility and weather conditions, cassava stems take six to twelve months to yield the coveted tubers, ensuring a bountiful harvest.

Harvesting and Quality Considerations:

Post-harvest, the tubers can be left unharvested for up to a year and three months, but quality may depreciate, with some varieties prone to rotting in the ground. This time frame offers flexibility for subsistence farmers to process cassava for family use or commercial farmers to explore the potential of value-added products.

By-Products of Cassava:

The true economic potential of cassava lies in its diverse by-products, including cassava starch, cassava flour, cassava chips, garri (eba), akpu (fufu), and abacha (bobozi/flakes). While selling freshly-harvested tubers may bring in some profit, the real financial gains are found in processing and refining these by-products. Large-scale farmers, in particular, stand to benefit significantly from this extra step.

Market Insights and Pricing:

Market research reveals varying prices for cassava across Nigerian states, with cassava starch fetching between ₦300,000 to ₦450,000 per ton, cassava flour between ₦250,000 to ₦350,000 per ton, and cassava chips averaging ₦60,000 per ton. This insight underscores the profitability of venturing into the processing and selling of cassava derivatives.

Utilization of Cassava Products:

The versatility of cassava products extends beyond traditional consumption. From snacks and poultry feed to spaghetti, noodles, and applications in the sugar and chemical industries, cassava proves to be a valuable raw material. The potential uses include the production of fructose, glucose, alcohol, acids, coatings, and emulsifiers, highlighting the wide-ranging applications of this humble crop.


Cassava farming is not merely a cultivation process but a gateway to a thriving agribusiness. This blog post serves as a guide for farmers looking to optimize their yield and capitalize on the numerous opportunities presented by cassava and its valuable by-products. As you embark on your cassava farming journey, remember that the real treasure lies in the thoughtful processing and marketing of this versatile crop.

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