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In recent times, the medical field in Nigeria has witnessed significant advancements, with endoscopy emerging as a crucial technique for diagnosing internal diseases. While the procedure is gaining popularity, the focus often shifts to the associated costs. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the pricing of endoscopy in Nigeria, the different types available, what the procedure entails, and when doctors recommend it.

How Much does Endoscopy Cost in Nigeria?

Endoscopy is becoming increasingly prevalent in Nigeria due to its growing significance in the medical world. The two main types, upper and lower endoscopy, vary in prices. The more common upper endoscopy is also the more affordable option, ranging from N40,000 to N100,000. On the other hand, lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, though gaining popularity, typically costs between N45,000 and N65,000 in most medical centers.

What You Should Know about Endoscopy

Endoscopy is a non-surgical technique used to examine an individual’s gastric tract. A flexible tube with a light and camera allows doctors to view images of the patient’s digestive tract on a TV monitor. In upper endoscopy, the tube passes through the mouth and throat into the oesophagus, providing a view of the upper parts of the small intestine. Endoscopes can also be passed into the colon through the rectum in certain cases. Specialized types, such as Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS), offer insights into structures like the pancreas, gallbladder, and other digestive system components.

When do Doctors Recommend Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is recommended by doctors when patients exhibit symptoms such as constant stomach ache, ulcers, gastritis, difficulty swallowing, digestive tract bleeding, chronic constipation, or growth in the colon. Additionally, it is employed for tissue removal (biopsy) to inspect the presence of diseases. Endoscopy is also used for treating gastric tract problems, such as stopping bleeding from an ulcer or removing gallstones from the bile duct using ERCP.

Risks Associated with Endoscopy

While generally considered safe, endoscopy does carry some risks. These include infection, over-sedation, puncture or tear of the stomach or oesophagus lining, and bleeding. Perforation may require surgery, while bleeding can often be managed during the procedure. Patients are advised to inform their doctors of allergies and medical issues to minimize risks. Although complications are rare, any post-endoscopy issues should be promptly discussed with the medical professional.

How Do Patients Prepare for Endoscopy?

Gut Preparation:

For upper digestive tract inspection, fasting for 6 to 8 hours before the procedure is necessary. Colon examination requires a clear stool, achieved through laxatives provided to the patient a day before the procedure.


Sedatives are commonly administered for patient comfort during endoscopy. Administered through an injection or orally, these sedatives induce relaxation and light sleep. While patients typically wake up within an hour after the procedure, the sedative’s effects may linger into the next day. General anesthesia is rare and reserved for specific cases.


Endoscopy has undoubtedly become a vital medical technique in Nigeria, aiding in the diagnosis and treatment of various internal conditions. While the costs may vary, the benefits of early detection and intervention make endoscopy a valuable tool in modern medicine. Patients are encouraged to stay informed about the procedure, its risks, and the necessary preparations to ensure a smooth and effective experience.

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