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taking care of your eyes is not just about clear vision but also about maintaining overall health. Routine eye checks play a crucial role in detecting and managing various health conditions. This article explores the current landscape of eye care in Nigeria, focusing on the cost of prescription eyeglasses and eye tests.

The Importance of Routine Eye Tests:

Regular eye exams are essential for detecting conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and even cancer. Additionally, eye specialists, including opticians, optometrists, and ophthalmologists, conduct thorough examinations to identify diseases such as glaucoma early on, preventing long-term damage.

Frequency of Eye Checkups:

Adults between 18 and 60 are advised to have a comprehensive eye exam every one to two years, while those aged 61 and older should have yearly checkups. Individuals at risk for conditions like hypertension and diabetes may need more frequent examinations. These checkups can identify a range of eye conditions, from glaucoma to myopia and hypermetropia.

Components of an Eye Test:

A complete eye examination includes a physical examination and tests for visual acuity, pupil function, extraocular muscle movement, visual fields, intraocular pressure, and ophthalmoscopy. Vision tests, retinal examinations, slit lamp tests, gonioscopy, and OCT eye tests are among the assessments performed.

Determining the Cost of Prescription Eyeglasses:

Several factors influence the cost of prescription eyeglasses in Nigeria:

  1. Type and Design of the Frame:
    • Materials like acetate, metal, or titanium, and the complexity of the design affect the price.
  2. Type of Lens and Coatings:
    • Lenses, such as single vision, bifocal, or progressive, and coatings like anti-reflective or scratch-resistant, contribute to the overall cost.
  3. Complexity of the Prescription:
    • Bespoke lenses’ cost may vary based on factors like sphere, cylinder, and axis values.
  4. Brand and Fashion Trends:
    • Branded frames and trendy eyewear selections may add to the overall cost.

Cost Breakdown:

an eye test in Nigeria ranges from ₦15,000 to ₦20,000 in government hospitals and up to ₦50,000 in private clinics. Prescription eyeglasses vary, with basic pairs priced between ₦20,000 and ₦60,000, while designer options can range from ₦30,000 to ₦100,000 or more. Overall, the cost of an eye test and prescription glasses combined may range from ₦35,000 to ₦120,000.

Affordability and Access:

While the cost remains a concern, initiatives by both the government and NGOs aim to provide affordable eyewear and vision care services to underprivileged individuals. Free eye tests are occasionally offered by NGOs in major cities.


Despite concerns about the affordability of prescription glasses in Nigeria, efforts are being made to address this issue. Frame material, lens type, prescription complexity, and brand preferences contribute to pricing. While challenges exist, ongoing initiatives strive to reduce costs and improve vision care accessibility for all citizens. Clear vision is not just a luxury but a necessity for a healthier life.

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