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Kidney-related diseases are on the rise in Nigeria, posing significant health concerns and a growing need for effective treatments. Kidney dialysis has become a common method of managing these conditions, but understanding its costs, procedures, and potential side effects is crucial for both patients and caregivers.

Cost of Kidney Dialysis in Nigeria:

The cost of kidney dialysis in Nigeria varies, influenced by factors such as the hospital or clinic and location. On average, a dialysis session can range between N20,000 and N30,000, amounting to N80,000 to N120,000 per week. Monthly costs may reach approximately N340,000 to N400,000. Private hospitals often charge more, with some exceeding N50,000 per session. Prices can also differ based on geographical locations, making dialysis more expensive in certain areas like Lagos and Abuja.

Who Needs Dialysis?

Dialysis becomes necessary when a patient’s kidney disease reaches a severe stage, and the kidneys can no longer adequately perform their functions. Symptoms indicating the need for dialysis include nausea, fatigue, swelling, and persistent vomiting. The decision to start dialysis depends on factors such as the patient’s age, overall health, lab test results, and their commitment to a treatment plan.

How Dialysis Works:

There are different types of dialysis, all serving the same purpose. Hemodialysis, for instance, involves the patient sitting or lying back as a technician places needles in their arm, connecting them to a dialysis machine. This machine draws out the blood, filters it through a dialyzer, and then returns the cleansed blood to the patient’s body. Hemodialysis sessions typically last between 3 to 5 hours, occurring up to three times a week, or more frequently if done at home.

Dialysis at Home:

Hemodialysis can be performed at home, offering more convenience to patients. Home dialysis may take place 6 to 7 days a week, depending on the severity of the kidney issue. This allows patients to relax, watch movies, and enjoy their favorite channels during the process, promoting a better overall experience.

What Patients Should Expect:

While kidney dialysis itself doesn’t typically cause pain, it’s essential to communicate any discomfort to the doctor. Some possible side effects include low blood pressure, nausea, dry and itchy skin, vomiting, muscle cramps, and fatigue. Patients should be aware of these potential effects and notify their healthcare provider if any issues arise during the process.


As kidney-related diseases continue to be a concern in Nigeria, understanding the nuances of kidney dialysis is crucial. From costs to procedures and potential side effects, patients and caregivers can make informed decisions for effective management and improved quality of life.

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