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For many couples trying to conceive, understanding the health of the woman’s reproductive system is crucial. The Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) test plays a vital role in assessing the condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the cost of an HSG test in Nigeria, the procedure involved, and the necessary precautions to ensure a safe and accurate diagnosis.

Cost of HSG Test in Nigeria:

The HSG test, short for Hysterosalpingogram, is typically priced between N20,000 and N40,000 in Nigeria. The cost can vary based on your location and the facility where the test is conducted. Opting for reputable hospitals or diagnostic centers is recommended to ensure well-trained professionals and adequate equipment for the procedure.

Locations for HSG Test in Nigeria:

Depending on your location, there are several options for undergoing an HSG test in Nigeria. In Lagos, reputable choices include teaching hospitals and fertility clinics such as Bridge and Nordica. In Benin, options like the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, St. Bridget, Raytouch, Union Diagnostics, or Lily Hospital are available. Private hospitals and diagnostic centers, while pricier, are often perceived as offering superior services.

Preparing for the HSG Test:

Before scheduling an HSG test, consult with your doctor who will recommend the test based on your medical history. Communicate any allergies, especially to Betadine, Iodine, Novocaine, or other medical substances, to ensure a safe procedure. Anti-inflammatory medication is usually prescribed beforehand to minimize discomfort during the test. Remember to bring a sanitary pad to manage any post-procedure spotting.

HSG Test Procedure:

During the HSG test, you’ll lie on a table beneath an x-ray imager while the gynecologist inserts a speculum to hold the vagina open. The cervix is cleaned to reduce infection risk, and a thin tube (cannula) is inserted to fill the uterus with an iodine solution. Pain may indicate blockages in the fallopian tubes, and any discomfort should be promptly reported. The doctor takes images of the uterus and fallopian tubes using a fluoroscope, with position changes for optimal imaging.

Risks Associated with HSG Test:

While generally safe, the HSG test does carry some risks. Possible side effects include fever, heavy vaginal bleeding, injury to the uterus, vomiting, intense abdominal cramping or pain, fainting, and pelvic infection. Individuals allergic to the dye used in the test may face more severe complications.


After the HSG test, the radiologist analyzes the results and provides feedback to your doctor, who will explain the findings and suggest the next steps. If blockages are detected, surgery may be recommended to address the issue. Understanding the HSG test process, its costs, and associated precautions can empower couples on their fertility journey.

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