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Poultry farming has emerged as a lucrative venture in Nigeria, with many individuals transforming their fortunes by becoming successful poultry farmers. In this guide, we will delve into the essential aspects of starting a poultry business, focusing primarily on broilers and layers. Our aim is not only to outline the key steps but also to provide valuable insights into the costs associated with each stage of the process.

Cost of Starting a Poultry Business in Nigeria

Embarking on a profitable poultry farming journey requires careful consideration of various factors, with the first being the capital investment. Understanding the costs involved is crucial for planning and ensuring a successful venture. Here’s a breakdown of the key expenses:

  1. Land:
    • Securing suitable land is paramount for your poultry farm. Prices vary depending on location and scale, ranging from N300,000 to N3 million per plot in different parts of Nigeria.
  2. Housing Construction:
    • Constructing suitable housing for your birds is the next critical step. Options include free-range, floor systems, or cages. For a cage system accommodating 500 birds, costs could range from N300,000 to N500,000.
  3. Poultry Equipment:
    • Essential equipment such as chick boxes, coops, drinkers, feeders, and more are necessary for a functional poultry farm. Commercial farms may budget between N600,000 and N800,000, while smaller farms can allocate between N60,000 and N210,000.
  4. Vaccination and Medication:
    • Protecting your flock from diseases is imperative. Budget between N200,000 and N260,000 for vaccination and medication for a farm of 500 chicks. Prices may vary based on veterinary consultations.
  5. Feeding:
    • Feeding is a non-negotiable cost in poultry farming. Opt for established vendors to ensure the quality of feed. For 500 birds, monthly feeding costs range from N150,000 to N300,000, with potential overall expenses reaching N2.7 million to N5.4 million for 18 months for layers.
  6. Purchase of Chicks:
    • Day-old chicks, the foundation of your poultry farm, cost between N500 and N1000. Point-of-lay birds, an alternative option, range from N2,500 to N3,000.


Embarking on a poultry farming venture in Nigeria holds tremendous potential for financial success. By understanding the costs involved in land acquisition, housing construction, equipment procurement, vaccination, feeding, and chick purchase, aspiring poultry farmers can make informed decisions to ensure the profitability and sustainability of their businesses.

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